AiLux realizes some LoRaWan devices for data collection in the field, relating to the measurement of the temperature and pressure of the pipes for district heating.
LoRa (Lo ng Ra ESN) is a digital patent of wireless data communication technology developed by Cycleo of Grenoble, France, and acquired by Semtech in 2012. LoRa uses sub-gigahertz without license radiofrequency bands such as 169 MHz, 433 MHz, 868 MHz (Europe) and 915 MHz (North America). LoRa allows long-distance transmissions (over 10 km in rural areas) with low energy consumption. The technology is presented in two parts: LoRa, the physical layer and LoRaWAN (Long Range Wide Area Network), the upper layers.
LoRa and LoRaWAN allow long-range and economic connectivity for Internet of Things (IoT) devices in rural, remote and offshore sectors. They are typically used in mining, natural resource management, renewable energy, transcontinental logistics and supply chain management.
LoRaWAN is the network on which LoRa operates and can be used by IoT for remote and non-connected industries. LoRaWAN is a layer of MAC (Media Access Control) protocol for managing the communication between LPWAN gateways and end-node devices, managed by the LoRa Alliance. Version 1.0 of the LoRaWAN specification was released in June 2015. In basic terms, LoRaWAN can be considered a new WiFi to connect new IoT devices in every sector.
LoRaWAN defines the communication protocol and system architecture for the network, while the LoRa physical layer allows long-range communication to be established. LoRaWAN is also responsible for managing communication frequencies, data rates and power for all devices. Devices on the network are asynchronous and transmit when they have data to send. Data transmitted from an endpoint device is received by multiple gateways, which forward data packets to a centralized network server. The network server filters duplicate packages, performs security checks, and manages the network. The data is then forwarded to the application servers. The technology shows a high reliability for moderate load, but has some performance issues related to sending confirmations.
LoRaWAN-based platforms include:
Wavebricks is creating a globally distributed, crowd-source and open data and geo-localization network owned and managed by its users. Wavebricks intended to be a decentralized LoRaWAN infrastructure, which allows multiple network servers to work together. Wavebricks is developed by Strataggem that provides network infrastructures, gateway ruggers and custom nodes for smart cities, industry 4.0, intelligent agriculture and robotics. Wavebricks combines centimeter positioning technology and IoT communication in a single service.
Globalsat, both a public LoRaWAN and a private provider of LoRa Nodes solutions for the WW, includes Europe, the United States, Asia and the Japanese market.
Fleet Space Technologies uses LoRaWAN to provide tremendous connectivity to IoT sensors and devices in rural, remote and offshore areas.
ThingsConnected, a free platform provided by UK Digital Catapult
The Things Network: The Things Network is creating an open source distributed IoT data network, owned and managed by its users. Using low-power and long-range technologies, The Things Network offers an end-to-end stack: from nodes, gateways, network servers, device management and integrations with leading cloud providers and IoT platforms. All completely safe and configurable by the final user.
iFrogLab, public provider LoRaWAN and LoRa for North America and Taiwan.
IoT-X, Stream Technologies platform for public and private networks.
ResIOT.io, platform for private, public networks and IoT projects.
OpenChirp, open management level on LoRaWAN, developed at Carnegie Mellon University, for data context, archiving, visualization and access control. The main goal is to simplify the experience of adding and using new devices on the network, as well as improving performance for communities that share bandwidth and location.
Everynet provides a platform and gateway for Lora use in the Americas, Europe and China.
Actility offers ThingPark Wireless, a network management platform for LoRaWAN and ThingPark Enterprise public implementations, for dedicated and private networks.
Senet, LoRaWAN public supplier in North America.
LORIOT.io, LoRaWAN global public operator and platform for private and public networks.
The LPWAN ecosystem includes analysis providers such as Semtech Corporation (United States), LORIOT (Switzerland), NWave Technologies (United Kingdom), SIGFOX (France), WAVIoT (Texas, United States), Actility (France), Ingenu (San Diego, United States), Link Labs (Maryland, United States), weightless GIS and Senet, Inc. (Portsmouth, United Kingdom), ResIOT and UNIDATA (Italy) and various others as service providers and companies. Other low-power low-voltage network market participants include telecom operators such as Vodafone (United Kingdom) and Orange (France), which integrate these smart devices and sell them to end users to meet their specific business needs.